Periodontal/Gum Disease in Ho-Ho-Kus | gum disease treatment, periodontal disease, treatment for gum disease, gingivitis | gum disease, receding gums, tooth loss, bleeding gums, sore gums, sensitive gums

Mohn Family Dental
Jeffrey T. Mohn, DDS

A Healthy Smile Starts Here!

(201) 447-1116

110 Warren Ave., Suite 1
Ho-Ho-Kus, NJ 07423
Periodontal/Gum Disease
 

Periodontal disease, more commonly referred to as 'gum disease', has been investigated since as early as the 18th Century. With advances in technology more is learned regarding the etiology of gum disease. Histopathologic analysis and bacterial culturing methods have enabled us to identify specific microbial species associated with the various forms of gum disease and therefore, facilitate specific anti-microbial targeting of these species in treatments.

Periodontal disease is a general term encompassing two types of oral infection:

  • Gingivitis
  • Periodontitis


Gingivitis, meaning inflammation of the gum tissue, is the early, non-destructive form of periodontal disease. Gingivitis is caused by bacterial plaque, or biofilm present on tooth surfaces. Some symptoms may include: redness around the gums, bleeding while brushing or flossing, gums may appear swollen and may be tender to the touch. Adequate home care including brushing, flossing, and use of a waterpik may be enough to alleviate these symptoms and prevent progression of the disease. If left untreated or home care is inadequate gingivitis may progress to periodontitis, the destructive form of periodontal disease.

Periodontitis occurs when bacterial infection from gingivitis becomes so advanced it overwhelms host defense mechanisms and begins to cause destruction to the periodontium: the gingiva, periodontal ligament, cementum, and finally the alveolar bone. At this stage symptoms will include all those of gingivitis along with halitosis (bad breath), metallic taste. At more advanced stages symptoms may also include suppuration (pus) coming from the teeth, recession of the gingival (lengthening of the teeth), and increased tooth mobility.

Periodontitis cannot be cured with adequate home care alone. The bacterial infection invades deep into the soft tissue supporting the teeth that conventional methods of home care: brushing, flossing, waterpiking, cannot penetrate deep enough to remove the infection. Periodontal therapy at a dental office combined with a detailed maintenance schedule is the only way to remove the offending micro-organisms and prevent recurrence.

Periodontitis is not only the leading cause of tooth loss today but also has been linked to increased risk of stroke, myocardial infarction, atherosclerosis, diabetes, and pre-term low birth weight babies. Periodontal disease may also impair memory and brain function in the elderly.

Local and systemic or genetic factors hindering your body's ability to fight infection or your own ability to remove the infection through home-care may contribute to the development of periodontal disease. Local factors may include misaligned/malpositioned teeth and poor restorative margins or contacts. Systemic or genetic factors may include but not limited to smoking, leukemia, Down's syndrome, Crohn's disease, neutropenia, and Langerhans cell disease. For these reasons a detailed clinical examination and medical history is important to aid in the proper diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease.

It is important to note that periodontal disease can be a painless process and you may not be aware of its presence. Routine check-ups with your dentist are crucial to diagnose, treat, and prevent gum disease.

Did you know periodontal disease was once referred to as the 'kissing disease'?

At Van Slooten Family Dentistry we use state-of-the-art Microscopy to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease. Click here to learn about Microscopic Diagnosis of Periodontal Disease and our Non-Surgical Gum Treatment.


 
 
 
Ho-Ho-Kus Dentist. Dr. Jeff Mohn provides Periodontal/Gum Disease, gum disease treatment, periodontal disease, treatment for gum disease, gingivitis to patients suffering from gum disease, receding gums, tooth loss, bleeding gums, sore gums, sensitive gums in Saddle River, Ridgewood, Washington Township, . Saddle River Dentist providing Periodontal/Gum Disease in Ho-Ho-Kus, New Jersey.